Infant Mortality

Infant Mortality

What does this measure?

The number of deaths per 1,000 births per year for infants under the age of one year.

Why is this important?

Infant mortality reflects the overall health status of a population and indirectly is a measure of the effectiveness and availability of quality health care - particularly prenatal care.

How is our county performing?

In 2012-16, Erie County had an infant mortality rate of 6.6 per 1,000 live births, similar to Pennsylvania and above the nation at 6.4 and 5.9, respectively.

From 2002-06 to 2012-16, the infant mortality rate in Erie fluctuated, peaking at 8.5 in 2007-11 and dropping to a low of 6.6 in 2012-16. The state and national rates declined steadily from 2002-06 to 2012-16.

How do we compare to similar counties?

Erie's rate was higher than Broome County, NY at 5.6, and lower than Luzerne, PA. at 6.8 and Stark, OH, at 7.5. Rates in the comparison counties also fluctuated without showing clear trends.

Notes about the data

National data are from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; state- and county-level data are from state and local health departments. Rates for events as rare as infant deaths can be volatile especially in smaller geographies like counties, making it difficult or impossible to discern trends.

Infant Mortality
United States6.86.45.9
Erie County, PA7.98.56.6
Broome County, NY7.18.95.6
Stark County, OH7.38.37.5
Luzerne County, PA8.16.46.8

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Arts, Entertainment and Recreation Establishments Maintaining
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation Employees Increasing
Tourism Spending Maintaining
Median Age Increasing
Population by Age Not Applicable
Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Change in Total Population Decreasing
Foreign Born Population Increasing
Household Types Not Applicable
Average Household Size Maintaining
Single-Parent Families Increasing
Median Household Income Maintaining
Public Assistance Maintaining
Change in Average Salary Decreasing
Unemployment Rate Increasing
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Change in Employment by Sector Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty Increasing
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty by Education Level Not Applicable
Homeownership Rates Decreasing
Homeownership Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Housing Affordability for Homeowners Maintaining
Median Rent Maintaining
Student Performance in Grade 3 Reading Increasing
Student Performance in Grade 3 Math Increasing
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Maintaining
Per Student Spending Maintaining
Prekindergarten Participation Increasing
Education Level of Adults Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Air Quality Increasing
Water Quality Maintaining
Recycling Tons Per Capita Maintaining
Solid Waste Per Capita Maintaining
Vehicles by Fuel Type Not Applicable
Mortality Rate Decreasing
Death from Heart Disease Decreasing
Death from Cancer Decreasing
Death from Stroke Decreasing
Death from Chronic Lower Respiratory Disease Increasing
Hypertension Prevalance Increasing
Diabetes Prevalence Increasing
Asthma Increasing
People Without Healthcare Coverage Decreasing
People Without a Primary Care Physician Increasing
Routine Checkups Increasing
People Who Cannot Afford Healthcare Decreasing
Adults Who are Overweight or Obese Increasing
Children Who are Overweight or Obese Increasing
Teens Who are Overweight or Obese Increasing
Adult Smokers Decreasing
Physically Inactive Adults Decreasing
Binge Drinking Maintaining
Infant Mortality Decreasing
Low Birth Weight Babies Not Applicable
Live Births to Teen Mothers Decreasing
Non Smoking During Pregnancy Increasing
Early Prenatal Care Increasing