Erie Vital Signs

Diabetes: Overview

Recent Performance

This trend is negative or needs improvement.

Diabetes affects 29.1 million or almost 1 in 10 people in the United States and has become a major public health concern. It is the leading cause of kidney failure, non-traumatic lower-limb amputations and new cases of blindness among adults in the United States. Diabetes is also a leading cause of heart disease and stroke. With its widespread impact, diabetes emerges as the seventh leading cause of death in the United States.

In Erie County, the percentage of adults who have been told they have diabetes has slowly climbed. In 2013*, 11 percent of adults in Erie County were told they have diabetes, up from 10 percent in 2011. Erie’s diabetes rate is above the statewide average of 10 percent and the national average of 9 percent.

The lowest rates of diabetes are found among adults earning $50,000 a year or more (1 percent), college graduates (2 percent), and 18-44 year olds (2 percent).

*2013 indicates data for the period 2011-13.

The Basics

This indicator reports the percentage of Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey (BRFSS) respondents who chose “Yes” in response to the survey question: Has a doctor, nurse, or other health professional EVER told you that you had diabetes (excluding gestational diabetes)?

Why It's Important

According to the Centers for Disease Control, diabetes can cause serious health complications including heart disease, blindness, kidney failure, and lower-extremity amputations. Diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death in the United States.

The Details

The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) Survey is a telephone based health survey of adults age 18 and above. Both landline and cell phone users are included. Initiated in 1984 by the CDC, it is now administered nationally, statewide, regionally, and locally. The survey focuses on health care access, health conditions, risk behaviors, and preventive health practices. Standardized questions allow comparison among various population groups. For 2013, Erie County used 3-Year Sum County Level data, for years 2011-2013, which was provided by the Pennsylvania Department of Health. Similar 3-Year Sum data for Pennsylvania was used for comparison.

The Nitty-Gritty Details

Subcategories

This EVS indicator has no subcategories. The raw data for Erie County do provide data for subcategories based on sex, age, education, income, and race.

Peer Areas

The BRFSS data are available for Erie, the state of Pennsylvania, and the United States. Data is also available for the following thirteen of the standard peer selected metropolitan/micropolitan statistical areas (MMSAs): Akron OH, Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton PA-NJ, Boulder CO, Cedar Rapids IA, Flint MI, Gainesville FL, Green Bay WI, Kalamazoo-Portage MI, Lansing-East Lansing MI, Laredo TX, Peoria IL, Roanoke VA, and Spartanburg SC.

Frequency

Erie County completes a BRFSS every four to five years. The survey is administered every year at the state and national level.

Source

Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey, administered by the Erie County Department of Health following guidelines of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Pennsylvania Department of Health 3-Year Sum County Level data. Links to the data are given above under “All the Nitty-Gritty Details”.

Other Related Data

Additional Studies and Research

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If you or a loved one has been diagnosed with diabetes, we’ve pulled together important Erie-specific information so it is all available in one place:

  • A list of procedures and services you should receive as a person with diabetes, plus related data for Erie County from HealthAmerica, Highmark Blue Cross Blue Shield, UPMC Health Plan, and the Erie County Department of Health on how we’re doing.
  • Information on how to view local hospital quality information from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services.
  • A list of recognized and certified primary care diabetes providers in Erie County.
  • Toolkits for employers, health plans, health care providers, community organizations and individuals with diabetes.

We want to help Erie residents get control of their diabetes.

Look through the pages, tell your friends, and come back to see up-to-date data. If you have questions, please contact the Erie County Diabetes Association at (814) 454-0715.

The following Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS®) tell us how Erie County residents are doing with their diabetes care:

Each measure is separated into Commercial (privately insured), Medicare (the elderly or disabled), and Medicaid (low income) patients.

These are important tests that every person with diabetes should get to stay as healthy as possible, so the more people who get them done the better. As you read you’ll find out what each test is, why it’s important for you to get it, and what you should ask your doctor at your appointment.


HEDIS® is a registered trademark of the National Committee for Quality Assurance (NCQA)


The Erie Healthcare Collaboration's content on Erie Vital Signs is made possible by contributions from the following organizations:

GE Transportation UPMC ISM Erie Highmark Coventry Health America GE Transportation HealthImagination Erie Regional Chamber Erie Insurance Erie County Medical Society Erie County Department of Health

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